Theorist: Myra Levine (Grand nursing theory based on interactive process)
Analysis of the theory. (Describe and evaluate the theory.)
a. Describe the theory, providing a clear description of the theory. This description should be a synthesis that includes an overview of the theory.
b. Describe how the concepts relate to the metaparadigm of nursing, health, patient, and environment. Fully explain how the theorist depicts these metaparadigm concepts. Include definitions of these concepts.
c. Thoroughly describe the concepts, including their definitions, and how these concepts are interrelated. In addition to the metaparadigm concepts, theories include other key concepts and or sub-theories. For example, Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory contains three sub-theories. In addition to the metaparadigm concepts, Orem’s theory is composed of other concepts, such as self-care and self-care requisites. All concepts of a theory must be defined. How the concepts are related must also be demonstrated. These are important parts of the theory’s framework.
d. Describe the model, including a list of the concepts and/or a diagram/ schematic of the model. This criterion specifically addresses Criterion 3c. You Showing how the theory’s concepts connect as a whole is required. Including a diagram that highlights these concepts is highly recommended. Refer to McEwen and Wills (2014), p. 152, for an example of a diagram depicting the Neuman Systems Model.
e. Detail the theory’s usefulness. Explain how nurses can use the theory in nursing (that is, clinical practice, education, or administration).
Students can use information from the literature to address this section. However, clear examples must be provided of how the theory was (or can be) applied to practice, education, or administration. For example, were clinical practice guidelines developed using the theory? In addition to using information from the literature, students are required to develop a brief patient case applying the theory. For example, regarding nursing education, are there colleges that have based their curriculum on the theory?
f. Describe the theory’s testability. Describe how the theory has been used in one nursing study. Describe the study’s key elements, purpose, sample, method, and key findings. In your description, address how the theory was applied to the research. The description must include the following identifying information about the article: author(s), title, journal, volume, issue (if applicable), and page numbers cited according to the APA (6th edition).
g. Describe the theory’s parsimony. Discuss the theory’s level of complexity. Students should address the simplicity of the theory in its presentation and the level of complexity in its scope. For example, according to McEwen and Wills (2014), Henderson’s theory is simple in the presentation of its “14 Activities for Client Assurance” (p. 138), but it’s very broad scope of the role of nursing makes it complex.
h. Describe the value in extending nursing science. Discuss one mid-range theory based on your selected theory. Briefly describe the mid-range theory, its main concepts, and how it relates to the grand theory. Full citation of the mid-range theory should be included. For example, the middle-range theory of self-transcendence was developed based on Rogers’ theory of unitary human beings (Reed, 1991). Reference: Reed, P. G. (1991). Toward a nursing theory of self-transcendence: Deductive reformulation using developmental theories. Advances in Nursing Science, 13(4), 64–77.
Note: I will develop a PowerPoint (PPT) of their Grand Nursing Theorist presentation.
· Use multiple contributory resources for your presentation, which include the readings for this course, scholarly journal articles, etc.
· Use websites judiciously; only .org and .edu sites are appropriate.
· You cannot use basic level nursing resources (for example, Registered Nurse Journal; American Journal of Nursing; or any undergraduate nursing textbooks, pamphlets, or hospital materials).
· Do not use broad assumptions without data or evidence to support them.
· Information must be referenced within the text of your PowerPoint slides and in a references list (Citations must be in APA format). The references list should be the last slide(s) of your PowerPoint slides.